Chlamydia test is ordered to check successful diagnosis and treatment for bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is one of the common STD and can lead to severe problems. Testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea (gonorrhea) is done at the same time because the infections caused by these two got almost same symptoms. Proper diagnosis is important as both infections need different treatment. There is no specific symptom of the disease so regular check-ups are required. All sexually active women are at the risk of getting the disease and should get yearly screening. Risk factors includes; having other STDs, especially HIV, a partner with an STD, use of illegal drugs and frequent and unsafe sex practices.
Sexually-active men are also required to have Chlamydia urine test on a yearly basis, especially those who have casual sex with different partners or men who engage in same-sex sexual activities.
Symptoms to Watch Out for
If you are at a high-risk for developing sexually-transmissible diseases and are having these symptoms, then you need to get a Chlamydia trachomatis test:
Penile or vaginal discharge.
Pain upon urination.
Pain and swelling of the testicles.
How to Prepare for a Chlamydia Trachomatis Test
There are two ways that a Chlamydia trachomatis test may be performed – a urine sample or a direct sample.
For the urine sample, you will be asked to pee directly into a container, but there are special instructions though. Do not pee at least a couple of hours before the Chlamydia trachomatis test, and do not wash the area clean. Make sure that you catch the initial urine stream as this is very important.
For more accurate results, the Chlamydia NAAT test (Nucleic Acid Amplification), also done via a urine sample, is performed since this can easily detect the genetic material of the bacteria. Plus, with the Chlamydia NAAT test, there is a very small likelihood of a false-positive result.
For the direct sample, the infected area will be swabbed using a sterile swab or brush to get some samples of the cells or the discharge from the vagina, cervix, rectum, penis, or other infected areas. The specimen will then be sent for chlamydia culture. Prior to the test though, it is important that you do not apply any cream or medicine to the affected area or do any douching for at least 24 hours. Not urinating at least two hours before the test is also recommended, especially if the specimen will be taken from the urethra.
What the Results Mean
Negative Chlamydia trachomatis test means that you are not infected, but if you have the risks factors for STDs though, then regular testing is required.
If you tested positive for Chlamydia trachomatis test, then you will be placed on a course of antibiotic treatment. Also, if you tested positive, then your partner needs to get himself tested for the infection as well.
Common Chlamydia Trachomatis NAA Test Questions
When can I get the results of the Chlamydia NAAT test?
For Chlamydia NAAT test, you can expect for the results in about a day to a few days. However, for Chlamydia culture, it will take at least about five days to a week.
I want to get tested. Where can I get it done?
These tests are readily available in any lab clinic, but if want more privacy, you can purchase the test online and simply visit any clinic that offers Chlamydia test near you.
Is chlamydia preventable?
Yes. This STD can easily prevented by practicing safe sex and getting tested on a regular basis.
Is chlamydia treatable?
Yes. The right antibiotics can treat this disease. However, you should know that this type of virus can do some permanent damage to the reproductive system.
Is it possible to get re-infected with chlamydia?
Does my partner deserve to know that I have Chlamydia?
Definitely. If he is also infected, then he also needs to get treated.
LabEspy recommends New Century Labs, Health Testing Centers, Accesa Labs for this test.