This test is used to detect the presence of autoantibodies produced as a result of celiac disease. This disease is characterized by induction of an immune response against gluten (protein found in rye, barley and wheat). This immune response causes inflammation of small intestine and lead to malabsorption and gastrointestinal disorders. Anti-endomysial antibodies (EMA) test is used to detect antibodies produced against endomysial layer of muscle fibers and lead to inflammation and damage of muscle. The symptoms that are associated with these enteropathies include pain in abdomen, stool with foul smell or blood, vomiting, anemia, joint pain, weakness and chronic constipation or diarrhea.
LabEspy recommends Walk-In Lab for this test.