Turner syndrome is a genetic defect of the females. The turner syndrome is characterized by short height and the loss of ovarian function. Sometimes ovary develop normally loses its function with the passage of time. There is delay of puberty in such individuals and sometimes they fail to get pregnant. The symptoms of turner syndromes can be severe or mild, varying from person to person. Some women have normal intelligence and continuous treatment of effected women can achieve normal puberty and can become fertile. It is a genetic disorder and can be diagnosed before the birth, immediately after the birth or in early childhood. In mild cases of Turner syndrome, the symptoms may appear in early teens years or adulthood.
Causes and Risk Factors of Turner Syndrome
Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder due to the loss of the X-chromosome or rearrangement of genes on the X-chromosome. The female contains two X-chromosome while males have one X-chromosome and other is Y-chromosome. So, the loss of one X-chromosome mean that each cell in woman body contain just single X-chromosome thus their development remains incomplete and they lost various body functions. The turner syndrome is caused in about 50% of patients due to the missing X-chromosome.
Signs and Symptoms of Turner Syndrome
The characterized sign of turner syndrome is short stature which can be identified at the age of 5. The loss of ovarian function at early age or after development, delayed puberty, delayed growth, infertility, heart defects such as narrowing of arteries and valve complication which pump blood to heart, problems in learning and other skills, webbed neck due to extra skin on neck, swelled hand and feet, kidney problems and skeletal abnormalities.