Osteoporosis

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Overview of Osteoporosis

Bones are living tissues that older cells die and replace with new one regularly. Osteoporosis (porous bones) is a disease of bones during which they become weak and fragile that with injury or even a low-level stress on the bones resulted in their breakage. During osteoporosis bone tissue is slow in replacing the old and damage cells with the new one that resulted in irregular formation of bones. The regular structure of bone is more like honeycomb, osteoporosis cause the big size holes and spaces. This is resulted in the loss of bone density and bones become weak and easy to break. This disease most effected women in their old age.

Causes and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

Bones are under a constant process where old cells are replaced with the new one but in the older age removal of old cells is faster than their replacement with the new one that resulted in the damage to the bone structure and make them fragile. So the osteoporosis occurrence depends on the factor how much bone mass you gain in your youth. The more you have bone reserve the more chances you can avoid the osteoporosis. There are many risk factors involve that can lead to the osteoporosis. Risk factor include the age, women are more likely to effected especially women of white and Asian descent, family history, low and high level of certain hormones such as sex hormones, thyroid problems, dietary factors such as low intake of calcium, medication problem like long term usage of steroids, size of the body frame, various other disease like cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, liver diseases, life style disorder such as people who spend more time in sitting more likely to have osteoporosis, alcohol consumption.

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis

There are not obvious signs and symptoms for the diagnostic of the disease but until the osteoporosis fully developed certain symptoms start to show that include back pain, loss of weight over the time, a bone fracture that occur more easily than the normal and stooped posture.