Overview of Lyme Disease
Lyme is the disease caused by four types of bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii. Lyme disease due to Borrelia garinii and Borrelia mayonii is most common in US, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are main cause of Lyme disease in Europe and Asia. These bacteria reside in tick which is found on the skin of deer, and they are transmitted to the humans through tick bite.
Causes and Risk Factors of Lyme Disease
The main cause of Lyme disease is bacteria which is transmitted to the humans through tick bite. The risk of getting affected with these bacteria increases if you are spending too much time in the wooded area, if the part of the skin is not covered and the tick are not properly removed from belongings or clothes. It does not transfer from the one person to the other. It usually effects skin, heart, nervous system, bones and joints.
Signs and Symptoms of Lyme Disease
The tick bite causes a red rash which look like an eye and it start to appear after 3 to 30 days of the bite, but in few cases this rash is not obvious. The rash is not itchy or painful. It is difficult to identify this infection as it has flu like symptoms. The symptoms which appear first are, headache, fever, chill, pain in joints and swollen lymph nodes and as the time of infection progress the more symptoms appear such as, fatigue, neck stiffness, severe headache, rashes spread on other parts of body, sever pain in joints and knees, irregular heartbeats, tingling in the hands or feet, impaired muscle movements, muscle pain, numbness and inflammation of brain and spinal cord. The rare symptoms which can also appear in some cases are, liver inflammation and eye inflammation.