Overview of Hypotension
Hypotension is a condition of low blood pressure. The heart pump blood to other body that cause a certain pressure on the vessels termed as blood pressure. If vessels or arteries are blocked, it creates high blood pressure, hypotension is the opposite of the high blood pressure when the blood flow is low or arteries are wide open and thus creating a low blood pressure. It is not considered as a real problem until it turns into severe symptoms. The blood pressure recorded in two measurements, the blood pressure between heart beats and pump blood into arteries called systolic and the blood pressure when between heart beats and heart relax and arteries open called diastolic. The normal blood pressure of human body is mostly recorded between 90/60mmHg to 120/80mmHg during different time of periods as during high activity blood flow is high and during sleep the blood pressure is low. The blood pressure is considered as low when it is below 90/60mHg.
Causes and Risk Factors of Hypotension
There are several causes which can result in low blood pressure which are as follow, heart problems like heart attack, heart failure, valve problems and low heart rate. If a person stand from a position of laying and sitting that result in low blood pressure, especially in old age. After eating the meal person can feel dizziness and faintness due to low blood pressure. After using the bathroom, coughing and sneezing. Certain medication such as, alpha blocker, beta blockers, diuretics and medicine for Parkinson’s disease can also lead to low blood pressure. Use of anesthesia during surgery, during pregnancy due to expansion of circulation system and hormonal problems like hormones which control heart rate and heart functions can lead to hypotension.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypotension
The symptoms of hypotension are dizziness, faintness, headache, chest pain, fever, stiff neck, upper back pain, seizure, fatigue, diarrhea, allergic reaction, and shortness of breath.