Overview of Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of the male and female genital parts. It is a sexually transmitted disease that spreads through all forms of unprotected sex with an infected individual. Of all the sexually transmitted infections, Gonorrhea is among the most common ones, with hundreds of thousands of new cases reported each year. The infection causes complications in the urinary tract and is usually easily curable, but if it isn’t treated, can lead to serious complications. The disease is also referred to as “the Clap” in common language.
Causes and Risk Factors of Gonorrhea
A Gonorrhea infection is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae (hence the name of the disease). While the infection lies primarily in the urinary tract and the genitalia, it also afflicts the mucous membranes of the rectum and mouth, which is why gonorrhea can spread through all forms of sex, including oral and anal. The disease is also passable from mother to baby during her pregnancy. Having unprotected sex or multiple sex partners increases the risk of contracting Gonorrhea, so it is recommended to always use a condom and avoid having multiple partners. While Gonorrhea doesn’t really have factors that increase the risk of getting infected, having a Gonorrhea infection increases the risk for other lethal diseases like AIDS.
Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea
The symptoms for Gonorrhea vary in males and females, and in a good percentage of cases, there are no symptoms whatsoever at all. In males, a Gonorrhea infection may cause pus-like excretion from the penis, testicular pain, burning sensation during urination, joint pain and reddish eyes. In women, Gonorrhea will result in pain during intercourse, abnormal vaginal discharge, bleeding outside menses and swelling in various parts of the body, especially in the vulva.