Overview of Diabetic Nephropathy
Diabetic Nephropathy is characterized by kidney damage that occurs as a complication of diabetes. Neuralgia is the burning or severe nerve pain that may occur anywhere in the body due to any kind of injury, disease or old age. The nerves in the body are protected by a coating called the myelin sheath. This sheath can be damaged due to any kind of infection, inflammation or injury. High blood sugar levels as those occur diabetes, can lead to severe nerve damage or diabetic neuralgia. Diabetic nephropathy effect and damage the blood vessels of the kidneys that act as filters of the blood. Abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood lead to damage to network of blood vessels in the kidneys. Diabetic nephropathy and neuralgia progressive slowly and if left untreated and uncontrolled, they can lead to life threatening conditions.
Causes and Risk Factors of Diabetic Nephropathy
The main cause of diabetic nephropathy is uncontrolled and long term exposure to high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetic individuals with high blood pressure or high cholesterols are considered to be at high risk of developing diabetic nephropathy. Similarly smoking increases the risk of diabetic nephropathy as well as neuralgia. Certain infections such as shingles, syphilis, Lyme disease and HIV are considered to be at high risk of developing neuralgia. Individuals suffering from multiple sclerosis are considered to be high risk of developing neuralgia especially of the face. Diabetic individuals are likely to suffer from various forms of neuralgia. Chronic kidney disease may also lead to neuralgia.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy
The main symptom of diabetic nephropathy include swelling in feet and legs, pain in lower abdomen, fatigue, polyuria and loss of protein in urine. The symptom of neuralgia depends on the type of nerve that is being damaged. The main symptoms include pain in face, jaw, cheeks and head. Tingling and numbness in toes, legs, hands and arms, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, difficulty in urination and muscular damage to hands and feet.