Diabetes Mellitus

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Overview of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a metabolic disease wherein the body cannot utilize glucose. Because the cells cannot absorb glucose, they accumulate in the bloodstream, making the blood thicker and more sluggish.  Untreated diabetes can lead to numerous complications.

Causes and Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes, which is caused by genetic predisposition.  If both parents are diabetic and the disease is known to run in the family, then their children have a very high risk of being born with the disease or developing diabetes as they grow older.  This type of diabetes is insulin-dependent; meaning, the patient has to inject himself with insulin just to survive.  This condition is irreversible.

Type 2 Diabetes, on the other hand, is caused by external factors such as diet and lifestyle. This type of diabetes occurs in adulthood and is non-insulin dependent.  The condition is reversible should the patient change his lifestyle by eating healthy food, getting into a regular exercise routine, and quitting smoking or drinking.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes can be easily detected. If you have these three symptoms, there is a high chance that you’re diabetic.

  • Increased hunger.
  • Increased thirstiness.
  • Increased urination.

Other common symptoms include weight loss, blurry vision, as well as tingling of the distal extremities.