Overview of Chlamydia Infection
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and is characterized by pain and discomfort of genitalia. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disorder. Both men and women can be affected by this infection. Unhygienic and uncontrolled sexual practices is the main cause of spread of chlamydia. Infected women can transfer infection to offspring during childbirth. Men can get chlamydia by having sex with other men. With proper precautions and medications, one can protect and cure chlamydia. Reinfection with chlamydia can also occur. Chlamydia can also infest the throat of an individual.
Causes and Risk Factors of Chlamydia Infection
Young individuals, especially women are likely to get chlamydia if they practice unprotected sex. Having multiple sex partners also increases the chances of coming in contact with the chlamydia causing pathogen. If an individual has a sex partner diagnosed with chlamydia, there is an increased risk of him carrying the infection without any symptoms. Condoms can protect an individual from acquiring the infection but they are not 100% effective.
Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia Infection
Mostly, chlamydia infection is asymptomatic and is termed as silent infection. Symptoms appear on later stage of disease and may resemble those of gonorrhea and urinary tract infections. The main symptoms of chlamydia infection include itching and burning around penis, painful urination, abnormal discharge from penis, swelling and pain in testicles, vaginal discomfort, pain in pelvis, abdominal discomfort, frequent urination and abnormal discharge form vagina. Cervicitis is the most common symptoms of chlamydia infection in females. The complications of undiagnosed and untreated chlamydia infection include pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, premature birth, low birth weight baby and ectopic pregnancy in women. In males, chlamydia infection can spread to sperm carrying tube, known as epididymis, and can cause fever pain and infertility. Reactive arthritis is one of the most severe complication of chlamydia infection. Newborns who get chlamydia infection from mothers are at risk of developing pneumonia and eye infections.