Carcinoma (prostate)

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Overview of Carcinoma (prostate)

Prostate carcinoma is the cancer of prostate gland. Prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It is an endocrine gland about size of a walnut, present near bladder and rectum. There are many tiny glands in the prostate that function to produce fluid present in the semen. Thus, prostate gland plays important role in providing protection and nourishment to the sperms. A tube called urethra projects through the prostate gland and carries semen and urine out of the body through the penis. Prostate gland also function to control urine as it has muscle fibers in it. Prostate cancer is a very slow progressing disease and usually starts in the cells of prostate, known as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). It is usually common and may affect 50% of men above the age of 50. In some cases, it remains undiagnosed and don’t show any symptoms.

Causes and Risk Factors of Carcinoma (prostate)

The main cause of prostate carcinoma is unknown. However, various risk factors and conditions including age, genetics, environmental factors, life style and use of certain drugs can be considered as important factors associated with the onset of disease. Age is a primary risk factor of prostate cancer because as the man gets older the higher his chances of developing the diseases becomes. It is rare among individual below 40 years and common in people above 50 years of age. Diet seems to play vital role in control and onset of prostate cancer, as people with healthy life style, low meat, high vegetable diet, exercise routine and meditation are at low risk of developing the disease. On the contrary, individuals with vitamin D deficiency, lack of exercise, and increased intake of red meat are at considered as high risk individuals. Obese individual and those who suffer from any kind of sexually transmitted disease are also considered to be at high risk of developing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer runs in family so have underlying genetic factor and brother or son of an affected individual is at twice the risk of developing prostate cancer as compared to other men. It is more common in African Americans as compared to White-Americans in the US.

Signs and Symptoms of Carcinoma (prostate)

In most cases, early or nonaggressive prostate cancers show no or little symptoms. In advance stages of prostate, however, the signs and symptoms may appear and include frequent or incontinent urination, pain in spine or ribs, pain in pelvis or femur bone, weakness in legs, fatigue, and painful ejaculation during sex, painful and bloody urination and problem with erection and sexual drive.