Our body will not function well if we lack the necessary vitamins, minerals, and nutrients needed for day-to-day activities. Since our body cannot produce these, we get them from the food we eat, especially from fruits and veggies. However, an imbalance or a lack of these essentials can lead to health problems.
Causes and Risk Factors of Vitamins Nutrition
Osteoporosis, a very common disease especially in older people, is caused by calcium as well as vitamin D deficiencies. This is characterized by brittle bones and stooped posture.
Anemia is a condition where there is reduced production of red blood cells. One of the causes of this is iron deficiency. Lack of vitamin B12 can also cause anemia.
Folate deficiency in pregnant women can lead to health complications of the fetus such as neural tube defects. In adults, folate deficiency can cause ulcers in the mouth and swollen tongue.
The health of the heart can also be affected by potassium deficiency. It can cause not only abnormal heart rate but also muscle weakness.
Signs and Symptoms of Vitamins Nutrition
It’s easy to spot vitamins, minerals, and nutrient deficiencies. Here are some of their common signs and symptoms:
- Dry cracks in the mouth due to low zinc, vitamin C, and Vitamin B levels.
- Small bumps on the face as well as extremities and buttocks due to vitamin A and D deficiency.
- Tingling in the distal extremities, oftentimes with cramps, due to vitamin B deficiency and low magnesium and potassium levels.
- Hair loss due to vitamin B deficiency.
Treatment and Prevention of Vitamins Nutrition
We have listed a few lab tests and kits relevant to vitamin and nutrition deficiencies for your reference and selection in case you like to get them done proactively without waiting for a doctor visit. Lab tests to check for these deficiencies can be pricey, our online medical marketplace allows you to compare the costs of the lab tests and choose a good provider offering the best lab test prices.