The cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the vascular system. The heart’s main function is to pump blood, while the vascular system’s main function is to deliver blood from the heart to different parts of the body and then back to the heart. A vital organ system, the heart is prone to diseases as well.
Causes and Risk Factors of Heart Health
The most common disease that affects the heart is hypertension. It is a condition in which the blood pressure is greater than 120/80 mmhg and is caused by kidney and adrenal glands problems. Another common heart disease is coronary artery disease and is caused by a narrowing of the blood vessels, making the heart work harder to pump blood. Coronary heart disease is when the arteries of the heart itself are narrow, so the heart isn’t receiving adequate blood supply. Other common heart diseases include rheumatic heart disease caused by rheumatic fever and congenital heart disease caused by a malformation in the structures of the heart during the fetal stage.
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Health
There are so many types of heart diseases, but they share the same signs and symptoms:
- Angina or commonly known as chest pains.
- Difficulty and shortness of breath.
- Pain and numbness felt in the upper and lower extremities.
- Weakness and lightheadedness.
- Pain felt along the neck and jaw, sometimes radiating towards the back and the upper abdomen.
- Abnormal heart beat and blood pressure.
Treatment and Prevention of Heart Health
If you have these signs and symptoms, it is recommended that you visit your physician immediately. Laboratory tests will be ordered to make a diagnosis, so you could take advantage of our medical marketplace to find the labs that are relevant to heart health and compare lab test prices offered by different providers to make the best choice.